Pro- Plasticity Nutritional Programs
Compared to the rest of the human body, the brain consumes a huge amount of energy. Therefore it is considered likely that the mechanisms involved in the transfer of energy from food to neurons are critical in controlling the functioning of the brain.
It is reasonable to think that, when the neuronal activity increases, either in response to endogenous stimulation (mental tasks) or to be exogenous (physical stimulation) increases the demand for nutrients and oxygen in the brain areas involved. Therefore, adequate supply of necessary nutrients can facilitate recovery processes induced neurological rehabilitation.
It is shown that the processes associated to the neurons energy supply affect synaptic plasticity, which may explain how metabolic disorders can affect cognitive processes and nervous system resilience after injury. Several essential macro nutrients and several micro nutrients with antioxidant capacity were associated with protection against neurons attacks and are involved in mechanisms of brain recovery.
Otherwise, the lack of muscle use and protein malnutrition induce progressively sarcopenia (decrease of striated muscle fibers). Sarcopenia is a common complication of aging, the tendency to immobility and brain injuries, constitute a cardinal change in the persistence or progression of motor impairment and muscle atrophy from lack of use; it is thus recognized as one of the limiting factors on the recovery of functions in stages of chronic sequelae. Several studies support the idea that ingestion of a sufficient amount of amino acids or proteins, results in a similar increase in muscle protein synthesis in both young and adults and can prevent or reverse the loss of muscle mass.
There is already a large body of evidence that diet has a decisive influence on the incidence and evolution of the major diseases related to aging, including stroke and neurodegenerative diseases.
Consequently to ensure proper nutrition for patients with a nutritional strategy that combines low-calorie diets, enriched with pro- and post-biotics, anti-inflammatory fitoesteroides, antioxidants and anabolic membrane to stimulate neuroplastic mechanisms and prevent sarcopenia is a useful supplement to any program of Neurological Rehabilitation.
That is why it was conceived and is being implemented, a database and a SATS program based on dietary recommendations and award supplements under the responsibility of the dietitian, individualized in order to reverse sarcopenia and facilitate a stimulating environment processes neuroplasticians for potentiation of previous programs.